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In 2012, both New York and Tennessee required prescribers to check their state’s PDMP before prescribing painkillers.
The results one year later:
New York realized a 75% drop and Tennessee a 36% drop in patients who were seeing multiple prescribers to obtain the same drugs.
PDMP [National] Center of Excellence at Brandeis U, 2014
Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) are now active in most states to assist clinicians in identifying potential controlled drug misuse, diversion, or excessive prescribing. Little is still known about the ways in which they are incorporated into workflow and clinical decision making, what barriers continue to exist, and how clinicians are sharing PDMP results with their patients.
Qualitative data were collected through online focus groups and telephone interviews.
Pain Medicine, Volume 15, Issue 7, July 2014
PDMPs have many limitations in their current format, including complex access issues, timeliness, and whether the data are presented to the physician automatically or require physician effort to retrieve.
ACEP - Annals of Emergency Medicine – 525
Recommendations for full use of PDMP include:
PDMPs can be effective clinical tools in medication management involving controlled substances.
PDMPs should be available for clinicians across state boundaries.
Every prescribing clinician should be familiar with the process of accessing and utilizing information from PDMP’s so that they can incorporate this information in their practices.
American Society of Addiction Medicine
The AAOS recommends the following tools, which have been shown to significantly reduce medication errors:
computerized physician order entry
computerized decision support systems
computerized monitoring of adverse drug events
high-risk drug protocols
Overdose deaths are “just the tip of the iceberg”: that for every death there are many more hospital treatment admissions, emergency room visits, people who abuse or are dependent on prescripti…
American Psychological Association
What prescribers can do to safely and effectively use opioids for CNCP (includes the following)
Screen for prior or current substance abuse/misuse
Do not use concomitant sedative–hypnotics or benzodiazepines
Track daily MED using an online dosing calculator
Use the state Prescription Drug Monitoring Program to monitor all sources of controlled substances
Neurology, 2014; 83; 1277-1284, September 2014
The CDC advises providers to use PDMPs… States should consider ways to increase their use … available real-time, and alerts to prescribers.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention
An improved PDMP … with accurate and timely data analysis should be regarded as the cornerstone of our collective efforts to address prescription drug abuse.
Department of Public Health
Although relieving pain and reducing suffering are primary emergency physician responsibilities, there is a concurrent duty to limit the personal and societal harm that can result from prescription drug misuse and abuse.
Pain Management / Clinical PolicyACEP Annals of Emergency Medicine 525, October 2012
The abuse of opioid pain medication has a devastating impact on public health and safety in this country, killing 46 people every day… Prescription Drug poisoning deaths – now over 30,000/yr – outnumber deaths from motor vehicle crashes.
National Center for Health Statistics/CDC
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