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The CDC advises providers to use PDMPs… States should consider ways to increase their use … available real-time, and alerts to prescribers.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Use of a state PDMP may help identify patients who are at high risk for diversion or doctor shopping… To quantify the effects of PDMPs, studies were conducted of ED providers who cared for adult patients with pain. Of the patients with complete data in one study, information from the state’s PDMP System altered prescribing practice in 41%.
ACEP - Annals of Emergency Medicine - 525
Whenever possible, orthopaedic surgeons should request and review old medical records and speak with the patient’s primary physician about past medication problems. Currently, states have Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs designed to assist law enforcement in the identification of doctor shoppers; these data are also accessible to physicians.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Now, March 2014
Although relieving pain and reducing suffering are primary emergency physician responsibilities, there is a concurrent duty to limit the personal and societal harm that can result from prescription drug misuse and abuse.
Pain Management / Clinical PolicyACEP Annals of Emergency Medicine 525, October 2012
An improved PDMP … with accurate and timely data analysis should be regarded as the cornerstone of our collective efforts to address prescription drug abuse.
Department of Public Health
PDMPs have many limitations in their current format, including complex access issues, timeliness, and whether the data are presented to the physician automatically or require physician effort to retrieve.
ACEP - Annals of Emergency Medicine – 525
Emergency Physicians must balance under-treatment of pain with concerns about drug diversion and doctor shopping. Use of a state PDMP may help identify patients who are at high risk for prescription opioid diversion or doctor shopping… To quantify the effects of PDMPs, studies were conducted of ED providers who cared for adult patients with pain. Of the patients with complete data in one study, information from the state’s PDMP System altered prescribing practice in 41%. Knowledge of the i…
ACEP - Annals of Emergency Medicine – 525
What prescribers can do to safely and effectively use opioids for CNCP (includes the following)
Screen for prior or current substance abuse/misuse
Do not use concomitant sedative–hypnotics or benzodiazepines
Track daily MED using an online dosing calculator
Use the state Prescription Drug Monitoring Program to monitor all sources of controlled substances
Neurology, 2014; 83; 1277-1284, September 2014
You’re not only reducing the supply [of pain medications] for those who use them inappropriately, but also for those in need.
Bob Tillman – Director of Policy and AdvocacyAmerican Academy of Pain Management
In 2012, both New York and Tennessee required prescribers to check their state’s PDMP before prescribing painkillers.
The results one year later:
New York realized a 75% drop and Tennessee a 36% drop in patients who were seeing multiple prescribers to obtain the same drugs.
PDMP [National] Center of Excellence at Brandeis U, 2014
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