A study was conducted to estimate the societal costs of prescription opioid abuse, dependence, and misuse in the United States. Costs were grouped into three categories: health care, workplace, and criminal justice.
The results: Total US societal costs of prescription opioid abuse were estimated at $55.7 billion in 2007 (USD in 2009). Workplace costs accounted for $25.6 billion, health care costs accounted for $25.0 billion, and criminal justice costs accounted for $5.1 billion. Workplace…
Pain Medicine, Volume 12, Issue 4, April 2011
The use of PDMPs…is helping to reduce misuse of prescription drugs.
PDMP Center of Excellence at Brandeis University, February 2014 Briefing
The CDC advises providers to use PDMPs… States should consider ways to increase their use … available real-time, and alerts to prescribers.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Always check the medical record… and a prescription drug monitoring database.
Federation of State Medical Boards
Recommendations for full use of PDMP include:
- PDMPs can be effective clinical tools in medication management involving controlled substances.
- PDMPs should be available for clinicians across state boundaries.
- Every prescribing clinician should be familiar with the process of accessing and utilizing information from PDMP’s so that they can incorporate this information in their practices.
American Society of Addiction Medicine
What prescribers can do to safely and effectively use opioids for CNCP (includes the following)
- Screen for prior or current substance abuse/misuse
- Do not use concomitant sedative–hypnotics or benzodiazepines
- Track daily MED using an online dosing calculator
- Use the state Prescription Drug Monitoring Program to monitor all sources of controlled substances
Neurology, 2014; 83; 1277-1284, September 2014
Whenever possible, orthopaedic surgeons should request and review old medical records and speak with the patient’s primary physician about past medication problems. Currently, states have Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs designed to assist law enforcement in the identification of doctor shoppers; these data are also accessible to physicians.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Now, March 2014
The abuse of opioid pain medication has a devastating impact on public health and safety in this country, killing 46 people every day… Prescription Drug poisoning deaths – now over 30,000/yr – outnumber deaths from motor vehicle crashes.
National Center for Health Statistics/CDC
Emergency Physicians must balance under-treatment of pain with concerns about drug diversion and doctor shopping. Use of a state PDMP may help identify patients who are at high risk for prescription opioid diversion or doctor shopping… To quantify the effects of PDMPs, studies were conducted of ED providers who cared for adult patients with pain. Of the patients with complete data in one study, information from the state’s PDMP System altered prescribing practice in 41%. Knowledge of the i…
ACEP - Annals of Emergency Medicine – 525
Effective monitoring systems [PDMPs] will augment clinical judgment, provide evidence of misuse, and facilitate prescription of the most appropriate analgesic for the situation…The Emergency Department is regarded as the nation’s safety net…the last bastion of around-the-clock access to care … Unfortunately, some of the solutions to opioid misuse [limiting ED physicians to 3-day opioid prescriptions] preempts judgments from trained emergency medical providers.
American College of Physicians, Annals of Internal Medicine, 9 April 2013