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Thirteen multi-state PDMP projects were sponsored in 2012-13. While providers indicated that PDMPs gave them more confidence for prescribing pain medication, the study concluded that the easier the data is to obtain, the more they will be used, and the safer the practice can be.
Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services AdministrationOffice of the National Coordinator for Health IT, & MITRE Corp
Emergency Physicians must balance under-treatment of pain with concerns about drug diversion and doctor shopping. Use of a state PDMP may help identify patients who are at high risk for prescription opioid diversion or doctor shopping… To quantify the effects of PDMPs, studies were conducted of ED providers who cared for adult patients with pain. Of the patients with complete data in one study, information from the state’s PDMP System altered prescribing practice in 41%. Knowledge of the i…
ACEP - Annals of Emergency Medicine – 525
Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) are now active in most states to assist clinicians in identifying potential controlled drug misuse, diversion, or excessive prescribing. Little is still known about the ways in which they are incorporated into workflow and clinical decision making, what barriers continue to exist, and how clinicians are sharing PDMP results with their patients.
Qualitative data were collected through online focus groups and telephone interviews.
Pain Medicine, Volume 15, Issue 7, July 2014
The CDC advises providers to use PDMPs… States should consider ways to increase their use … available real-time, and alerts to prescribers.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention
The use of PDMPs…is helping to reduce misuse of prescription drugs.
PDMP Center of Excellence at Brandeis University, February 2014 Briefing
PDMPs have many limitations in their current format, including complex access issues, timeliness, and whether the data are presented to the physician automatically or require physician effort to retrieve.
ACEP - Annals of Emergency Medicine – 525
The AAOS recommends the following tools, which have been shown to significantly reduce medication errors:
computerized physician order entry
computerized decision support systems
computerized monitoring of adverse drug events
high-risk drug protocols
Overdose deaths are “just the tip of the iceberg”: that for every death there are many more hospital treatment admissions, emergency room visits, people who abuse or are dependent on prescripti…
American Psychological Association
You’re not only reducing the supply [of pain medications] for those who use them inappropriately, but also for those in need.
Bob Tillman – Director of Policy and AdvocacyAmerican Academy of Pain Management
Doctors (and other clinicians) need to know what prescriptions have been given to their patients by other practitioners. This information should be included in the patients’ electronic health care records accessible through a Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) that provides immediate information.
Presentation by the Dir., Div. of Epidemiology NIH, National Institute on Drug Abuse, May 2013
In 2012, both New York and Tennessee required prescribers to check their state’s PDMP before prescribing painkillers.
The results one year later:
New York realized a 75% drop and Tennessee a 36% drop in patients who were seeing multiple prescribers to obtain the same drugs.
PDMP [National] Center of Excellence at Brandeis U, 2014
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